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YPIE Scientist: Elizabeth S

Updated: May 24




Research: The Connection Between Atopic Dermatitis and Mental Health Issues


Abstract:


Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is an autoimmune disease that affects healthy body cells. This often leads to Eczema, a skin condition that creates red, bumpy, and inflamed skin. AD affects around 15 million Americans and 10-20% of infants suffer with AD. AD has been shown to be associated with other mental health issues. Patients who suffer with AD are more likely to suffer with psychological problems, depression, and/or anxiety due to the side effects of eczema which include shedding of skin, swelling, itchiness and more (Schonmann, 2020). This is to advance the discussion between AD and mental health problems. Using a survey that has the scales, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), with parental consent, young patients as well as adults will be asked about their mental well-being for the last two weeks and about their skin condition and how it has affected their social life for the last week. Patients who are in support groups on Facebook will be contacted and asked to take this survey. To compare, people who do not have any medically diagnosed skin conditions will also be asked to do this survey. After completion, it is expected that the results would show a positive correlation between AD and mental health issues. Those who don’t have any medical conditions are expected to show no correlation between AD and mental health issues. This research study is to advance and address the mental health issues that are associated with AD.


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